South Africa may be the preferred choice, but today the decision as to which country will host Rugby World Cup 2023 is decided by a vote. We take a look at how it works.
The Rugby World Cup Limited (RWCL) Board has unanimously recommended to the World Rugby Council the selection of South Africa as Rugby World Cup 2023 host.
The evaluation of the three bid submissions from South Africa, Ireland and France was led by a team of World Rugby and external experts, who were supported throughout by stringent independent evaluation and analysis from The Sports Consultancy. This to ensure evidence-based objectivity and consistent application against a set of weighted scoring criteria based on seven agreed upon objectives.
The World Rugby Council now meets in London today to consider the recommendation, and vote on which of the three countries will be the next host.
How the voting works:
- The voting is by secret ballot and there are strict guidelines on lobbying. Voting should “take the Evaluation Commission’s recommendation into consideration.”
- None of the three bidding nations are permitted to vote.
- The bid which receives a simple majority of the 39 available votes will be named as the host for Rugby World Cup 2023.
- Those eligible to vote in the secret ballot will be Australia (3 votes), England (3), New Zealand (3), Scotland (3), Wales (3), Italy (3), Argentina (3), Canada (1), Japan (2), Georgia (1), Romania (1), USA (1), Asia Rugby (2), Oceania Rugby (2), Rugby Africa (2), Rugby Americas North (2), Rugby Europe (2), Sudamerica Rugby (2).
- There are 39 votes at stake with a simple majority required to determine the eventual Rugby World Cup host nation. South Africa need 19 votes to deliver #SA2023!
- In the event that none of the host candidates receives a simple majority in the first round, the candidate with the least number of votes will drop out before a second ballot.
- The host country will be announced at a media conference immediately after the vote at any time from 15h00 (SA time), depending on how long the vote takes.
How we got here:
Evaluation process: October 2017
- Fifteen months of a two-phase process have now been completed for the three bidding rugby unions: South Africa, France and Ireland.
- Two formal steps remained:
- On 31 October, World Rugby announced the Rugby World Cup (Ltd) Board’s recommendation for the host candidate, that being South Africa, who achieved the highest score in an evaluation process.
- The assessment was performed by a team of 10 World Rugby, RWCL relevant-area managers and independent area experts, working since 1 June 2017. They assessed all three bids with input from functional experts. The London-based Sports Consultancy scrutinised each managers’ evaluation to ensure all candidates have been treated fairly and the criteria have been consistently applied.
- The evaluation report was sent to host candidates and World Rugby Council members. At the same time World Rugby announced the Evaluation Commission’s findings.
Applicant phase: June 1 – September 2016
- Designed to ensure that only qualified Unions and countries continue to the second phase.
- Italy withdrew at this stage, leaving only France, Ireland and South Africa.
Candidate phase: November 2016 – 25 September 2017
Country visit: 13 – 15 March 2017
- A senior Rugby World Cup Limited (RWCL) delegation, including the World Rugby CEO, CFO and RWCL lead visited South Africa. The visit included a day-and-a-half of presentations in Cape Town and a tour of the National Stadium in Johannesburg.
Bid submission: 1 June 2017
- SA Rugby submitted South Africa’s bid to World Rugby in Dublin. The bid, which ran to more than 800 pages and 16 chapters addressed 300 questions. It included a comprehensive budget and a detailed match-venue file providing exhaustive information on each proposed venue.
Signed government and match-venue guarantees and hosting agreement: 31 July 2017
- Legal guarantees from National Government, all proposed match venues and the hosting agreement between SA Rugby and RWCL were submitted by the deadline.
Bid presentation: 25 September 2017
- The final stage of the candidate phase was a 30-minute presentation to World Rugby Council members, followed by a 20-minute Q&A.
- France, Ireland and South Africa each presented their vision for the 2023 tournament and key aspects of the bid.
- The Minister of Sport and Recreation, Mr Thulas Nxesi, and SA Rugby President, Mr Mark Alexander, introduced the South African bid. SA Rugby CEO, Jurie Roux, presented the technical detail and South Africa’s 10 differentiators. The Deputy President, Mr Cyril Ramaphosa, closed the presentation.
- The 12-member presentation party included South Africa’s two Rugby World Cup winning captains, Francois Pienaar and John Smit as well as the Director General of Sports and Recreation South Africa, Mr Alec Moemi.